How Obama and McCain voted on environmental issues in 2007

How did Barack Obama and John McCain vote on environmental and clean energy issues in 2007?

By Glenn Maltais

According to the League of Conservation Voters (LCV), Obama did OK, McCain, not so much.

Even though both presidential candidates are rigorously touting their environmental credentials, when it comes to walking the talk, the difference between Barack Obama and John McCain appears to be significant.

The national environmental scorecard, a ranking system that evaluates individual U.S. legislators based on their votes on environmental issues, highlighted 15 key votes last year–all of which senator McCain missed, resulting in a 0% score.

It is not uncommon for Presidential candidates to suffer from absenteeism during hectic election campaigns, or to miss roll call votes while being away from Washington for prolonged periods. Nevertheless, Obama managed to only miss four environmental votes, resulting in a 67% score – not great – but a whole lot better than 0%.

As scored by the LCV, McCain’s lifetime average is 24%, well below Obama’s 86%. Granted, this is not the greatest of comparisons, considering McCain has been in the Senate for a few decades, and Obama, a few years…but still, 24%? Not cool.

Out of the 15 votes where McCain chose to be elsewhere, the one that upset environmental groups the most occurred when an important piece of legislation fell one “yes” vote short of passage. The legislation involved tax incentives for renewable energy (set to expire December 31st, 2008) and repealed unnecessary tax breaks for the oil and gas industries.

Unfortunately, when it comes to what is arguably two the most important issues of our time, energy and the environment, McCain’s “straight talk express” may sound like it’s headed for greener pastures, but it appears to be circling the current administration’s big oil wagons. And, that leaves many environmentalists and those striving to usher in a new [clean, domestic] energy era, seeing red.

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McCain holds off backing ‘Gang of 10’ energy plan

As reported on The Hill by

Republican Sen. John McCain is not ready to embrace a bipartisan energy plan that could complicate his presidential campaign if Democrats advance the bill weeks before the November elections.

The bill is being drafted by some of his closest allies, including Sen. Lindsey Graham (R-S.C.), and offers a compromise on the roiling issue of offshore drilling.

Yet Tucker Bounds, a McCain campaign spokesman, said the Arizona senator is waiting to see legislative language before taking a position.

If McCain opposes the bill, it could appear that he is standing in the way of a compromise to soaring gasoline prices.

But if he backs it, McCain could cloud a clear distinction between the two parties on the issue that Republicans believe can swing the elections.

“John McCain would prefer and would continue to urge members of Congress to take his all-of-the-above approach to solving the country’s energy crisis,” which includes repealing the country’s decades-long ban on drilling along the Outer Continental Shelf, Bounds said.

For Democrats, backing the bill could mean infuriating environmental groups that say opening up protected areas to new drilling is a dangerous practice. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid (D-Nev.) has asked his staff to work with aides to the leaders of the “Gang of 10” — Sens. Kent Conrad (D-N.D.) and Saxby Chambliss (R-Ga.) — as they draft legislative language.

Modeled after the 2005 Gang of 14 that averted a partisan meltdown over judicial nominees, the Gang of 10 — consisting of five Republican and five Democratic senators — last week announced a broad package of tax credits for renewable energy, a large investment in ramping up the use of cleaner-burning vehicles and a boost in developing coal-to-liquid-fueled plants.

Instead of allowing all coastal states the option to drill, as McCain and most Republicans have advocated, the proposal would allow the state legislatures of Virginia, North Carolina, and South Carolina to decide whether to allow drilling at least 50 miles off of their respective coasts. It also could open additional acreage in the eastern Gulf of Mexico, a hot-button issue in the swing state of Florida.

“This is an uphill fight, but this is what I strongly believe needs to be done,” Conrad said in a phone interview.

For weeks, Republicans have used offshore drilling to put Democrats on the defensive, seeking to capitalize on public outrage over $4-a-gallon gasoline. And a group of House Republicans has stayed in Washington for the first week of recess to make speeches in the adjourned chamber about the need for more domestic drilling.

But the bipartisan proposal could offer Democrats a way out.

Sen. Barack Obama (Ill.), the Democratic presidential candidate, immediately issued a statement praising the plan, and pointed to its call to repeal tax breaks for oil companies.

Senior GOP aides say the plan’s inclusion of the repeal of tax breaks is a non-starter, and they say the bill does not go far enough to expand drilling.

While Obama said he is “skeptical” that more drilling will lower gas prices, he told reporters Aug. 2 that he’s “open” to a “genuine bipartisan compromise in which I have to accept some things I like or don’t like.”

Republicans called his comments a flip-flop, but Sen. Ben Nelson (D-Neb.), a member of the Gang of 10, said in an interview that Obama recognizes the debate “as a give-and-take process.”

After Obama’s comments, Reid sounded optimistic this week on a conference call that the bill could lead to a bipartisan deal in September.

Don Stewart, a spokesman for Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell (R-Ky.), said his boss is still reviewing the plan but has not taken a position.

John McCain’s Stance on Energy & Environment

John McCain’s Stance On Energy & Environment
By Danny Vo

Senator John McCain is making environmental news headlines again for taking a stance on climate change and distancing himself from the Bush Administration. In recent days, the presumptive Republican presidential candidate has campaigned in the Pacific Northwest touting his pro-environment commitment and agenda. McCain’s commitment to fight global warming differs from current Administration policy and from many other standard-bearing Republican Party agendas.

For McCain, the cornerstone of his environmental plan mandates a “cap and trade” system. McCain argues that establishing a cap on carbon emissions and setting a national goal to reduce overall carbon emissions to 60 percent below 1990 levels by 2050 is a realistic, and effective way to tackle climate change. (In contrast, both Barack Obama and Hillary Clinton have said they would set a goal to reduce overall carbon emissions to 80 percent of 1990 levels by mid-century.)

In McCain’s analysis, establishing a national standard for tradable carbon emission permits will allow the so called “good carbon emitters” to offset the “bad” ones. Furthermore, a nationwide cap and trade system would provide the necessary incentives to promote growth of solar, wind, and other renewable energy industries. McCain does not offer specific policy or market tools for solar or wind technologies because he is confident that a cap and trade system would sufficiently bolster those and other similar renewable energy markets. Nor has McCain outlined a more detailed plan on how his cap and trade system would work or what industries and activities would be targeted.

For McCain, alternative energy means energy independence. As we’ve mentioned in previous posts, of the three current presidential front runners, John McCain most vocally favors reinvesting in nuclear power. He views nuclear energy as the most viable technology to meet the nation’s electricity demands. In his speech he made in Oregon (and posted on his website), McCain views the nexus among energy, the environment, and national security as one of the most important issues facing our nation.

McCain’s voting record, however, leaves critics dubious about his intentions and commitment toward the environment. The League of Conservation Voters who created a National Environmental Scorecard gives McCain a lifetime rating of 24 percent for his previous voting record regarding the environment. For this year’s legislative session, McCain gets a Zero; thus far he’s been absent for any of the environmentally related bills that have come up for a vote.

Critics point to inconsistencies in McCain’s voting record. As an article in Monday’s Washington Post points out, McCain has embraced some environmental provisions, yet shunted others not so seemingly different from the ones he supports.

Supporters contend that McCain, as a political maverick, has consistently distinguished himself from conventional Republicans. They cite that McCain was one of the first in Congress to acknowledge climate change and introduce legislation addressing the issue.

He’s certainly savvy when it comes to renewable energy photo-ops. In February McCain stood in front of a solar photovoltaic manufacturer when Governor Arnold Schwarzenegger announced his endorsement for the Senator. On Monday, McCain restated his environmental policy at a wind power company in Oregon. Time may reveal whether these press events truly signify McCain’s intentions toward renewable energy.

Find more solar panel, solar power, and solar energy information at Cooler Planet.

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